Please visit our Sponsors

Related FAQs: Stony Corals, Stonies 2, Stonies 3, & LPS Stony Corals, Acroporids, CaryophylliidsOculinids/Galaxy Corals, Propagation, Coral System Set-Up, Coral System Lighting, Stony Coral Identification, Stony Coral ID 2, Stony Coral ID 3, Stony Coral ID 4, Stony Coral ID 5, Stony Coral ID 6, Stony Coral ID 7, Stony Coral ID 8, Stony Coral ID 9,Stony Coral ID 10, Stony Coral ID 12, Stony Coral ID 13, Stony Coral ID 14, Stony Coral ID 15, & Stony Coral Selection, Coral Compatibility, Coral PlacementFoods/Feeding/Nutrition, Disease/Health, PropagationFaux Corals

Related Articles: Stinging-Celled Animals, Phylum Cnidaria, LPS Corals ( Caryophylliidae, Fungiids, Oculinidae... ), SPS Corals ( Acroporidae, Pectiniid Corals, Pocilloporid Corals ), Coral System Set-Up, Coral Placement, Coral System Lighting, Stony Coral Selection, Growing Reef Corals, Stony Coral Feeding, Stony Coral Disease, PropagationGrowing Reef Corals, Water Flow, How Much is Enough,

The Stony or True Corals, Order Scleractinia

Bob Fenner

Scleractinia, stony corals in the Somo Somo Strait, Fiji.  

See Links to Files Below: 

Cnidaria, the Stinging-Celled Animals & FAQs

 Stinging-Celled Animal Husbandry: 

  Acclimating Symbiotic Reef Invertebrates to Captive Lighting by Anthony Calfo & FAQs

  Lighting Marine Invertebrates by Anthony Calfo & FAQs

  Growing Reef Corals by Anthony Calfo & FAQs

   Hydrozoans & FAQs:

     Fire Coral, Order Milleporina & FAQs

     The Lace Corals, Suborder Stylasterina & FAQs

     The Hydrozoans and Scyphozoans Called Jellies & FAQs



         Black Corals, Order Antipatharia & FAQs

         Tube Anemones & FAQs


          Corallimorpharians (aka Mushrooms) & FAQs FAQs 2

          Zoanthids (aka Sea Buttons, Colonial Anemones) & FAQs

         Stolonifera:  Blue and Pipe Organ "Corals" & FAQs

             Mat/Star Polyps & FAQs,

           Sea Fans/Gorgonians & FAQs

         Soft Corals: Soft Corals, Order Alcyonacea & FAQsFAQs 2

         Soft Coral Propagation FAQs

         Soft Coral Health FAQs

               Xeniids/Pulsing Soft Corals & FAQs, FAQs 2

               Soft Corals of the Family Alcyoniidae (Toadstools and Such) & FAQs, FAQs 2,

               Soft Corals of the Family Nephtheidae & FAQs

                    Dendronephthya & FAQs

               Soft Corals of the Family Nidaliidae & FAQs

               Soft Corals of the Family Paralcyoniidae & FAQs


     Anemones & General FAQs 1, FAQs 2, FAQs 3, FAQs on: Anemone Selection, Anemone Health, Anemone Health II, Anemone  Placement, Anemone Reproduction, Anemone LightingAnemone Feeding

        Sebae Anemones, Heteractis crispa, Use in Marine Systems & FAQs, FAQs 2

          Magnificent Anemones, Heteractis magnifica & FAQs

        Bubble Tip Anemones, Entacmaea Quadricolor, Use in Marine Systems (by Jim Black) Recent Experiences with BTA's   by Marc Quattromani, and FAQs, FAQs 2

          Carpet Anemones, Use in Marine Aquariums & FAQs

          Aiptasia, Glass, Rock Anemones & General FAQs, Aiptasia Identification, Eradication by: Peppermint Shrimp, Butterflyfishes, Filefishes, Chemical Injection, Hypo/Hyper-Salinity, Other Pest Anemones.

         Anemones of the Tropical West Atlantic & FAQs

          Cool to Cold Water Anemones & FAQs

          Dyed Anemones, A Sham and Scam & FAQs

     Stony Corals:  Stony/True Corals, Order Scleractinia & FAQs Stony FAQs 2

    Coral System Set-Up & FAQs

        Coral System Lighting & FAQs

     Coral Placement & FAQS    

     Stony Coral Selection & FAQs

     Stony Coral Feeding & FAQs

     Stony Coral Disease & FAQs 

     Propagation & FAQs, Open Brain Reproduction Report & FAQs          

    The Tragedy of Artificially Colored Live Corals & FAQs

          Large Polyp Stony Corals & FAQs

                Euphyllids/Caryophyllid Corals & FAQs, FAQs 2,

                       Elegance Corals (Catalaphyllia jardinei) & FAQs, FAQs 2

                 Dendrophylliids I Have Known & FAQs

                 Brains and More/Less, Family Faviidae & FAQs

                 Plate Corals, Family Fungiidae & FAQs

                 Mussid Corals, Family Mussidae & FAQs

                 Oculinid/Galaxy Corals & FAQs

                 Rose Coral, Family Trachyphylliidae & FAQs

                    Open Brain Reproduction Report & FAQs

          Small Polyp Stony Corals & FAQs

               Staghorn Corals,  Family Acroporidae & FAQs, More Montipora Pix

               Agariciid Corals & FAQs

               Astrocoeniid Corals & FAQs

               Merulinid Corals & FAQs

               Pectiniid Corals, Family Pectiniidae & FAQs

               Pocilloporid Corals & FAQs   

                Poritid Corals, Family Poritidae & FAQs, Genera: Alveopora, Goniopora, Porites 

               Siderastreid Corals & FAQs

Family Fungiidae:

A Fungiid coral in the Red Sea

Bibliography/Further Reading:

Coral Search

Borneman, Eric H. 2001. Aquarium Corals; Selection, Husbandry and Natural History. Microcosm-TFH NJ, USA. 464 pp.

Fossa, Svein A. & Alf Jacob Nilsen. 1998 (1st ed.). The Modern Coral Reef Aquarium, v.2 (Cnidarians). Bergit Schmettkamp Verlag, Bornheim, Germany. 479pp.

Hoover, John. 1998. Hawai'i's Sea Creatures. A Guide to Hawai'i's Marine Invertebrates. Mutual Publishing, Honolulu HI. 366pp. 

Humann, Paul. 1993. Reef Coral Identification; Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas. New World Publications, Inc. Jacksonville, FL.  239pp.

Veron, J.E.N. 1986. Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. U. of HI press, Honolulu. 644 pp. 

Become a Sponsor Features:
Daily FAQs FW Daily FAQs SW Pix of the Day FW Pix of the Day New On WWM
Helpful Links Hobbyist Forum Calendars Admin Index Cover Images
Featured Sponsors: