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Related FAQs: Rock and Scorpionfishes, Lionfishes & their Relatives

Related Articles:  Keeping Lionfishes and their Scorpaeniform Kin by Anthony Calfo and Robert Fenner, Blowin' in the wind, the Leaf Scorpionfish, Taenionotus triacanthus, by Bob Fenner,

/A Diversity of Aquatic Life

The Rockfishes and Scorpionfishes of the Subfamily Scorpaeninae, Family Scorpaenidae

 

Bob Fenner

 
Scorpionfishes: Lionfishes & Much More for Marine Aquariums
Diversity, Selection & Care
New eBook on Amazon: Available here
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by Robert (Bob) Fenner

Scorpaenines comprise15 plus genera with more than 150 species.

Genus Iracundus: Monotypic.

Iracundus signifer Jordan & Evermann 1903, the Decoy Scorpionfish. Has a marking above the largely transparent base of the anterior dorsal fin that resembles a small fish... that this species undulates as a lure. Indo-Pacific near the ends of reef slopes on sand and ledges. To five inches long. Hawai'i image. 

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Genus Parascorpaena: Seven species.

Parascorpaena mossambica (Peters 1855), the Mozambique Scorpionfish. Indo-West Pacific; East Africa to Australia, the Society Islands. To ten cm. in length. N. Sulawesi specimen. 

Parascorpaena picta (Cuvier 1829), the Northern Scorpionfish. Indo-West Pacific. To 16 cm. in length. N. Sulawesi specimen. 
http://fishbase.org/Summary/
speciesSummary.php?ID=8296&genusname=
Parascorpaena&speciesname=picta

Genus Pteroidichthys: Two species. 

Pteroidichthys amboinensis Bleeker 1856, the Ambon or Hairy Scorpionfish. To about three inches in length. West Pacific. N. Sulawesi (Lembeh Strait) pic. http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/Species Summary.cfm?ID=23889&genusname= Pteroidichthys&speciesname=amboinensis


Genus Rhinopias

Rhinopias aphanes Eschmeyer 1973, Merlet's Scorpionfish. Indo-Western Pacific; northern Australia, New Guinea, southern Japan. To 25 cm. in length. A rare species that lives at the bottom of coral slopes or on soft bottoms. Aquarium specimens by Anthony C., BobF. at right, PhilS below in PNG


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Rhinopias eschmeyeri Conde 1977, Eschmeyer's Scorpionfish. Indo-West Pacific. To about 17 cm. N. Sulawesi specimen by Bob F, close-up of an aquarium specimen by Anthony C..  http://fishbase.org/Summary/species Summary.php?ID=25845&genusname=
Rhinopias&speciesname=eschmeyeri


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Rhinopias frondosa (Gunther 1892), the Weedy Scorpionfish. Indo-Western Pacific; East coast of Africa to the Carolines, southern Japan. To 23 cm. in length. Aq. pic. KBR verticals below.

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Genus Scorpaena

Scorpaena mystes Jordan & Starks 1895, the Pacific Spotted Scorpionfish. To eighteen inches in length. Eastern Pacific: Sea of Cortez to Peru, including the Galapagos. Found sitting on sandy and rocky bottoms surface to 25 meters of depth. Galapagos pix.


Scorpaena plumieri mystes Jordan & Starks 1895, the Spotted Scorpionfish. To fourteen inches in length. Baja California to Peru, including offshore islands. Costa Rica (Pacific side) 2011 
Scorpaena plumieri plumieri Bloch 1769, the Spotted Scorpionfish. To eighteen inches in length. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, northern Gulf of Mexico to southern Brazil, Ascension and St. Helena. Found sitting on rocky bottoms 5-55 meters of depth... ambushing fishes and crustaceans for food. Occasionally imported as an aquarium species. Bahamas pix of a view above and close-up.


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Genus Scorpaenodes

Scorpaenodes kelloggi (Jenkins 1903), Kellogg's Scorpionfish. To 2 in.   
Scorpaenodes littoralis (Tanaka 1917), the Shore Scorpionfish. Indo-Pacific on reefs, or rocky bottoms. To 11 cm. This one off of the Whitsundays, Queensland, Australia. 

Scorpaenodes parvipinnis (Garrett 1864), Lowfin Scorpionfish. To 14 cm. Indo-Pacific; Red Sea to Tuamotus, Hawai'i. Found in areas of rich coral growth. Cryptic, reclusive by day. N. Sulawesi pic. 

Genus Scorpaenopsis:

Bigger PIX:  Scorpaenopsis barbata, Red Sea 08
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Scorpaenopsis cacopsis Jenkins 1901, Titan Scorpionfish. Long third dorsal spine. Hawaiian island endemic. Due to its high regard as a food fish, its populations have been decimated by spearfishers. To twenty inches long. Big Island pix. 

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Scorpaenopsis diabolus (Cuvier 1829), the False Scorpionfish. Indo-Pacific; Red Sea to Hawai'i, Micronesia, Australia. To 30cm. Right, in Hawai'i. Below: N. Sulawesi images. 

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Scorpaenopsis oxycephala, the Tasseled Scorpionfish Have prominent tassels of skin on lower head and a long sloping head. Adults lack cirri around eyes
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Scorpaenopsis papuensis (Cuvier 1829), Papuan Scorpionfish. To ten inches in length. Indo-pan Pacific. Adult and juvenile in Fiji. 


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Scorpaenopsis possi, Poss's Scorpionfish. Of the genus has a short snout, fewer pectoral fin rays (17 vs. 19, 20). Small or absent eye cirri. Red Sea, E. Africa to Polynesia, Australia and ROC.
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Scorpaenopsis venosa (Cuvier 1829), the Raggy Scorpionfish. Indo-West Pacific; East Africa to the Philippines, down to Australia. To a foot in length. Often found lying on top of soft corals and sponges, disguised, waiting for a meal to come by. Shown here atop some Xeniid in the Gilis, Lombok, and N. Sulawesi, Indonesia.

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Genus Sebastes:

Sebastes paucispinis Ayres 1854  The Bocaccio. A favored rockfish for human consumption. Found off the west coast of the U.S.; Baja to Alaska. Here, a juvenile and small sub-adult at SIO Birch Aq.
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Sebastes-paucispinis.html


Genus Sebastipistes:

Sebastipistes coniorta Jenkins 1903, the Speckled Scorpionfish. To less than four inches in length, generally amongst the branches of Pocillopora corals. Kona pic. 

Genus Taenionotus

Taenianotus triacanthus Lacepede 1802, the Leaf Scorpionfish. Indo-pan-Pacific. To four inches overall length. Usually found amongst reef rocks on a open setting, rocking like a falling leaf. Molts twice a month. Feeds on small fishes, fry and crustaceans. Comes in browns, blacks, yellows, reds. At right, in Hawai'i. Below, first row, an assortment in N. Sulawesi. Second row in Gili Air, Indonesia, light purple! Second also off Gili Air, the last in Fiji. Third, N. & S. Sulawesi, http://fishbase.sinica.edu.tw/Country/CountrySpecies Summary.cfmCountry=Indonesia&Genus= Taenianotus&Species=triacanthus


Scorpionfishes: Lionfishes & Much More for Marine Aquariums
Diversity, Selection & Care
New eBook on Amazon: Available here
New Print Book on Create Space: Available here

by Robert (Bob) Fenner
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