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Related Articles: Large Polyp Stony CoralsStony or True Corals, Order Scleractinia, Dyed Corals

/The Best Livestock For Your Reef Aquarium:

Plate Corals, Family Fungiidae, Pt. 3

To: Part 1, Pt. 2

Verticals (Full/Cover Page Sizes Available

By Bob Fenner

 
Genus Herpolitha Eschscholtz 1825. Irregularly elongate colonies (not just individual polyps) with an raised central area and axial furrow containing many expansive mouths. 

Herpolitha limax  (Houtthyn 1772). Colonies become elongate with age, with rounded ends. Numerous mouths inside and outside the axial furrow. Below, colonies in Fiji.
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Genus Lithophyllon Rehberg 1892. Colonies flat, attached with one to many mouths. 

Lithophyllon mokai Hoeksema 1989. Up to three inches in diameter. Central corallite obvious. 

Genus Podabachia: Colonial. Leafy colonies, attached to substrate; look like encrusting bowls with lines encrusting plate like pieces. Undersides costate. 

Genus Polyphyllia Quoy & Gaimard 1833: Mobile colonies whose form is a high arch. Septa look like small petals on close inspection. Mouth, axial furrow not easily detected. 

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Polyphyllia novaehiberniae (Lesson 1831). Fused septa-costae that look like oblong depressions, in rows with some running perpendiculat to others. Numerous small tentacles look like hair. Colonies below in Fiji.
Polyphyllia talpina (Lamarck 1801). Tapered septa appearance. Long, numerous tentacles. Below, two aquarium specimens and one in Pulau Redang, Malaysia.
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Genus Sandalolitha Quelch 1884. Large, mobile roughly circular colonies of heavy dome-shaped construction. Exsert, heavy corallites face directly outward. 

Sandalolitha robusta Quelch 1886. Characteristic staggered arrangement of corallites. Gilis/Lombok, Aquarium and N. Sulawesi pix. 

 
Bigger PIX: The images in this table are linked to large (desktop size) copies. Click on "framed" images to go to the larger size.

Bibliography/Further Reading:

Coral Search

Borneman, Eric H. 2001. Aquarium Corals; Selection, Husbandry and Natural History. Microcosm-TFH NJ, USA. 464 pp.

Fossa, Svein A. & Alf Jacob Nilsen. 1998 (1st ed.). The Modern Coral Reef Aquarium, v.2 (Cnidarians). Bergit Schmettkamp Verlag, Bornheim, Germany. 479pp.

Hoover, John. 1998. Hawai'i's Sea Creatures. A Guide to Hawai'i's Marine Invertebrates. Mutual Publishing, Honolulu HI. 366pp. 

Humann, Paul. 1993. Reef Coral Identification; Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas. New World Publications, Inc. Jacksonville, FL.  239pp.

Vargas, Tony. 1997. Feature Coral: Fungia. FAMA 10/97.

Veron, J.E.N. 1986. Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. U. of HI press, Honolulu. 644 pp. 

Veron, J.E.N. 2000. Corals of the World. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Queensland, Australia. three volumes. 

To: Pt. 1, Pt. 2


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