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Related Articles: Echinoderms, Marine Scavengers, Sand Sifters

Gad-Zooks Cukes!

Sea Cucumbers: Not A Pretty Picture, Part III

 

By Bob Fenner  

Genus Pearsonthuria:

Pearsonthuria graeffei (Semper 1868), the Graffiti Sea Cucumber. Indo-Pacific; Red Sea to the Society Islands. Needs large tank space with gravel, rocks to continuously feed on. To twenty inches in length. A pic of the feeding/head end and the whole thing in Fiji. 

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Genus Stichopus:

Stichopus horrens  Selenka 1867, the Warty Sea Cucumber. Central and Eastern Pacific; Philippines, Fiji, Hawaii, Galapagos Islands. To twelve inches in length. A nocturnal species. Long, pointed tubercles during the night when it's out and about, knoblike during the day (shown). Highly variable in color. Galapagos pic.

Stichopus variegatus Semper 1868. Curryfish... Fiji 2011

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Genus Synapta:

Synapta maculata (Chamisso & Eysenhardt 1821). Thin, up to 2 yards/meters in length. Found in sandy, shallow areas, often in fouled communities. East Africa, Red Sea to Society Islands. Fiji images at night. 


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Verticals (Full/Cover Page Sizes Available) Linked

Genus Synaptula

Synaptula lamperti Heding 1928. Opaque body with prominent dark longitudinal lines. Found on, in large sponges. Western Pacific; Noumea, PNG, Micronesia, Philippines. N. Sulawesi pix. 
Synaptula media Cherbonnier & FĂ©ral, 1984. Opaque body with prominent dark longitudinal lines. Found on, in large sponges. Western Pacific; Noumea, PNG, Micronesia, Philippines. S. Leyte 2013  
Synaptula species. Indo-Pacific; principally East Indies. Rarely kept in captivity though small (to about one foot maximum length) as it is always found in association with species of other invertebrates they stick to w/ small hooks. Images at right shot in Pulau Redang, Malaysia.

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Genus Thelenota:

Thelenota ananas (Jaefer 1833). To a half meter in length. Black bodied, with orange, conical papillae. Indo-West Pacific; Mauritius, Seychelles to Indonesia, Japan, Guam. N. Sulawesi pic.

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Thelenota anax Clark 1921. One of the largest holothuroids at up to a meter in length. Creamy colored with orange blotches on back. From northern Madagascar to Australia, Fiji, Guam. Fiji images. 

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