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Related FAQs: Dendrophylliids, Dendrophylliids 2, Dendrophylliid Identification, Dendrophylliid Behavior, Dendrophylliid Compatibility, Dendrophylliid Selection, Dendrophylliid Systems, Dendrophylliid Feeding, Dendrophylliid Disease, Dendrophylliid Reproduction, Stony/True Coral, Coral System Set-Up, Coral System Lighting, Stony Coral Identification, Stony Coral Selection, Coral PlacementFoods/Feeding/Nutrition, Disease/Health, Propagation, Growing Reef CoralsStony Coral Behavior,

Related Articles: Large Polyp Stony CoralsStony or True Corals, Order Scleractinia, Dyed Corals

/The Best Livestock For Your Reef Aquarium:

Pagoda, Sun, Cup Corals and More, Family Dendrophylliidae, Part II

Part 1 Part 3, Part 4

 

By Bob Fenner

 

Genus Tubastrea Lesson 1829: Azooxanthellate branching, tree-like corals found in many places in the tropical and Indo-Pacific. Due to feeding nature they require little light (non-photosynthetic), but the aquarist must take care to see that each polyp is individually fed as they are separate.  About their biggest downside is the mess keeping Tubastrea can entail. With heavy feedings of meaty foods comes concurrent high nutrient levels. Often found in the wild in caves, but also in direct sunlight. Most species are palm-sized, composed of tubular polyps, with T. micrantha being the large exception. Easily encouraged to produce new polyps by regular feedings, especially when these foodstuffs are pre-soaked in a vitamin preparation (like Selcon, Microvit...).

Tubastrea coccinea Lesson 1831, Orange Cup Coral. Caribbean and Indo-Pacific. Right: Closed, open colony pix in the Bahamas. Below, close up of a colony under an arch off of Kailua Kona and exhibit images shot at the Waikiki Aquarium.

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Tubastrea  faulkneri Variously sold as Sun, Orange Cup/Turret, Sunflower, Sun Polyps... Circumtropical distribution. A can-be kept species if you constantly feed it, and can keep up with concurrent water quality maintenance from the feeding. Shown at right in an aquarium and the Red Sea by day. Below in Australia's Great Barrier Reef during the night, Bunaken/Indonesia by day and Mexico's mid Sea of Cortez at night. Predated by Epitonium billeeanum (see below)

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Epitonium billeeanum (DuShane & Bratcher 1965). Distinctive yellow body and shell color... matching their prey, the ahermatypic Dendrophylliid genus Tubastrea. Tropical Indo-Pacific. N. Sulawesi pix. Snail, eggs, acoel flatworms... on Tubastrea.

Part 1 Part 3, Part 4

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