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Related FAQs: Parrotfishes

Other Genera Coverage: Chlorurus, Sparisoma

/The Conscientious Marine Aquarist

Parrotfishes of the Genus Scarus

Bob Fenner

Scarus coelestinus  

Genus Scarus: Fifty species.

Scarus altipinnis (Steindachner 1879), the Filament-Finned Parrotfish. To two feet in length. Pacific Ocean. This supermale  and juvenile photographed in the Cooks.
Scarus chameleon Choat & Randall 1986, the Chameleon Parrotfish. Western Pacific; W. Australia on over to Fiji. To about a foot long. This male/terminal one off Queensland, Australia. Males and females (initial and terminal phases) variable and changeable in coloring as the name implies.

Scarus coelestinus Valenciennes 1840, the Midnight Parrotfish. Western Atlantic; Bermuda to Brazil. To thirty one inches in length. First two, Bahamas pix of fourteen inch individual, last a two-footer off of Boynton Beach, FLA. 

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Scarus coeruleus (Bloch 1796), the Blue Parrotfish. Western Atlantic; Maryland to Brazil, West Indies. To nearly four feet in length. Bahamas and Cozumel pix. 

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Scarus compressus (Osburn & Nichols 1916), the Azure Parrotfish. Eastern Pacific; Sea of Cortez to the Galapagos. To 54 cm. A terminal phase individual ere in the Galapagos.

http://fishbase.sinica.edu.tw/Summary/speciesSummary.php?ID=13981&genusname=Scarus&speciesname=compressus

Scarus ferrugineus Forsskal 1775, the Rusty Parrotfish. Red Sea and Gulf of Aden endemic. To 41 cm. Pictured below: Subadult, initial and terminal phase individuals off of Sharm el Sheik. 
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Scarus flavipectoralis Schultz 1958, Yellowfin Parrotfish. To 40 cm. Western Pacific. This one in S. Sulawesi. http://fishbase.sinica.edu.tw/Country/CountrySpeciesSummary.cfm?Country=Indonesia&Genus=Scarus&Species=flavipectoralis

Scarus frenatus Lacepede 1802, the Bridled Parrotfish. Indo-Pacific. To 47 cm. in length. Initial phase here in Queensland, Australia; terminal in the Maldives.

Scarus genozonatus (Randall & Bruce 1983), the Sinai Parrotfish. Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. To 31 cm. in length. Feed on algae growing on coral, rock. Sharm el Sheik, Red Sea pix of a terminal male. 

Scarus ghobban Forsskal 1775, the Bluebarred Parrotfish. Indo-Pacific; Red Sea to Peru... a Lessepsian species, found in the Mediterranean. To 90 cm. in length. Feed on algae growing on coral, rock. Pix of initial and terminal stage individuals in the Galapagos.

Scarus guacamaia Cuvier 1829, the Rainbow Parrotfish. Western Atlantic; Bermuda, Florida to Argentina, northern part of the Gulf of Mexico. To nearly four feet in length. Bahamas and Tobago pix of terminal males. 


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Scarus iseri <formerly S. croicensis)(Bloch 1789), the Striped Parrotfish. To 35 cm. Tropical West Atlantic. Feeds on plants; often Thalassia. Here is an initial phase and a terminal individual in Grand Turks. http://fishbase.org/Summary/
speciesSummary.php?ID=1154&
genusname =Scarus&speciesname=iseri

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Scarus niger Forsskal 1775, the Dusky Parrotfish. Indo-Pacific; Red Sea, eastern African coast to Japan and the GBR out to the Micronesians. To sixteen inches in length. A juvenile in S. Sulawesi and a terminal/male individual in Pulau Redang, Malaysia.  http://fishbase.sinica.edu.tw
/Country/Country SpeciesSummary.cfm?Country=Indonesia&Genus= Scarus&Species=niger

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Scarus psittacus Forsskal 1775, the Common or Palenose Parrotfish. Indo-Pacific; Red Sea, southern Africa to Hawai'i and the Marquesas.  To 36 cm. in length. Terminal phases off Two-Step off the Big Island of Hawai'i and in the upper Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea. 

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Scarus rubroviolaceus Bleeker 1847, the Ember Parrotfish. Indo-pan-Pacific; eastern Africa to Panama, including Hawaii and Galapagos Islands. To twenty eight inches in length. Shown, a female and male off Gili Air, Lombok, Indonesia, and an initial phase terminal phase individuals in the Galapagos below.

Scarus russelii Valenciennes 1840. Eclipse Parrotfish. Western Indian Ocean.... To 51 cm.

 

Scarus schlegeli (Bleeker 1861), Schlegel's Parrotfish. Found throughout the Pacific with the exception of coastlines generally. To fifteen inches in length. Shown: A male off of Queensland Australia. 

Scarus spinus (Kner 1868), the Greensnout Parrotfish. Western Indo-Pacific; Christmas Island to the Philippines, Micronesia. To a mere foot in length. Male photographed off of Gili Air, Lombok, Indonesia.

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Scarus taeniopterus Desmarest 1831, the Princess Parrotfish. Western Atlantic; Bermuda to Brazil. To fourteen inches overall length. Likely the most commonly utilized species (of only a handful) used in the ornamental trade of this family. Due to better collection, holding and shipping more arrive in good condition and live. Though most are dead within a month of collection. Juvenile, initial and terminal phase individuals in Cancun (first), Bahamas, and Bonaire respectively. 
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Scarus vetula Bloch & Schneider 1801, the Queen Parrotfish. Western Atlantic; Bermuda to Argentina. To two feet in length. A smaller species that occasionally makes its way into pet-fish markets. Bahamas pix of an initial phase and profile of a terminal one. 

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