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Related FAQs: Faviids, Faviids 2, Faviids 3, Faviid Identification, Faviid Behavior, Faviid Compatibility, Faviid Selection, Faviid Systems, Faviid Feeding, Faviid Disease, Faviid Disease 2, Faviid Disease 3, Faviid Disease 4, Faviid Disease 5, & Faviid Reproduction/Propagation, Stony/True Coral, Coral System Set-Up, Coral System Lighting, Stony Coral Identification, Stony Coral Selection, Coral PlacementFoods/Feeding/Nutrition, Disease/Health, Propagation, Growing Reef CoralsStony Coral Behavior,

Related Articles: Large Polyp Stony CoralsStony or True Corals, Order Scleractinia, Dyed Corals

/The Best Livestock For Your Reef Aquarium:

"Honeycomb", Brain Corals, More and Less, Family Faviidae, pt. 6

To: Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5, Part 7, Part 8

 

Genus Leptoria. Brain Corals that have sinuous valleys that are longer, narrower than Platygyra. Also Platygyra columellas are thin, lamellar, those of Leptoria are wide, spongy. 

Leptoria phrygia (Ellis & Solander 1786). Massive colonies of irregular layout. Thick walled, with septa regular in size, uniform. Sinuous valleys, plate-like columellae. Common on reef margin/lip. Brown, tan to dark green. Red Sea image. 

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Genus Manicina Ehrenberg 1834. Rose Corals. One species, tropical West Atlantic. Free-living or attached. Note groove on top of valley walls. 

Manicina areolata Linnaeus 1758.  Though its range is restricted to the Tropical West Atlantic it continues to be mis-sold as Trachyphyllia geoffroyi Audouin 1826, the Rose Coral by some dealers. Below, two four inch specimens in less than a foot of water in a seagrass bed  in Placencia, Belize, the second with tentacles extended. The last a hemispherical "adult" specimen of about a foot diameter in the Bahamas. Close-up at right. 

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Genus Montastrea Blainville 1830. Massive, flat or dome-shaped colonies. Monocentric and plocoid corallites. 

Montastrea annularis (Ellis and Solander 1786),  Lobed Star Coral. Tropical West Atlantic. To ten feet tall. Common. Found as clusters of columns with domed tops. Living polyps on upper areas of colonies, dead, eroded below. Corallites appear as uniform in size, shape. Conical to flush with colony surface. Longer and short septa alternate, small, compact columellae. Cozumel pix by Di.F below.
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To: Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5, Part 7, Part 8

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