FAQs about the Worm Diseases of
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Yes, there are marine leeches/Cestodes.
Questions regarding treatment of potential intestinal worm
Dear WetWebMedia Crew,
I could use some advice regarding my two tank bred Amphiprion ocellaris
clownfish (black and white variety). While I continue to research your
site extensively on multiple topics, I remain a bit confused as to the
proper course of action here. I'll provide basic history and tank
parameters first, then add my questions.
I'm new to the hobby, or should I say, obsession. I've read
just enough to probably be a bit dangerous to myself, and my dear
Live sand base of 2'-3'
Roughly 35 pounds of live rock
Rena XP2 canister filter rated up to 75 gallons
Pending addition of a protein skimmer
Salinity 1.025 (determined with a refractometer)
Temperature 78 degrees
I established the tank roughly 10 weeks ago. I added two tank bred
Amphiprion percula after 4 weeks. I did not follow quarantine
procedures. Within days one fish displayed signs of distress, refused
to eat, and developed color loss and a whitish film on a segment of the
<Mmm, perhaps Brooklynellosis>
I reviewed your site for quarantine procedures, immediately set up a
separate tank, and moved both fish. Both were dead within 24 hours. I
completely rinsed out and restarted the quarantine tank (I now have two
set up in my kitchen), and permitted the main tank to remain fallow for
four weeks. Please note that I did leave my hermits, emeralds, and
peppermint shrimp in the main tank during this time.
I acquired the two new Amphiprion ocellaris and quarantined them for
the 33 days that the main tank remained fallow. In this time I noted
after roughly ten days that the male (the submissive of the pair)
occasionally had thin stringy feces that trailed behind him. The string
was very thin - thinner than a thread - white, and remained attached to
the vent for some time before dropping off. Sometimes (often) there was
a larger clump of feces attached at the end of the thread. I treated
both clowns via feedings of PE Mysis shrimp or frozen Marine Cuisine,
with Metronidazole, as per dosing instructions, three times over six
<Mmm, I would have also used, treated with a vermifuge>
I moved both clowns to the main tank after the 33 days. This move took
place four days ago; both fish are eating well, alert, swimming
normally (though normal swimming seems relative for clowns) and
demonstrate no outward signs of stress. Nevertheless, I've noted
the submissive clown again is displaying the thin, stringy feces
trailing from the vent. This condition is not evident in the other
These are the only fish I currently have in my display tank, along with
the peppermint shrimp, hermits, and emerald crabs.
I've noted in your writings that you often advise against
<This is so>
and I remain wary of reacting too quickly to this issue, especially as
I'm concerned about the impacts on beneficial intestinal fauna as
well as the potential for cumulative impacts on other organs. Yet I do
want to act, if warranted, while this fish remains outwardly healthy
and still eating.
Would you recommend treating again with Metronidazole, or moving to the
use of Praziquantel (via PraziPro), or Maracyn Two?
<I would use the Prazi, not the others>
If you recommend treatment is warranted via one of these options, would
you advise treatment via food dosing, or via aquarium water?
<If they're eating, via the food>
Should both fish be treated, or just the clown displaying the
<Both... all fishes>
And finally, if treatment is warranted with any of these products,
should the fish be moved back to quarantine for treatment, or depending
on the drug, can they remain in the display tank without negatively
impacting the biological filter/live rock as well as the shrimp and
<Moved to the treatment tank>
Any advice would be greatly appreciated.
<Welcome. Bob Fenner>
Re: Questions regarding treatment of potential intestinal worm issues,
Thank you sir.
<Certainly welcome Tony. BobF>