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About  Marine Livestock


Taxonomy, the Science of Classification by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:

Biological Classification, Why Scientists Classify Life by Bob Fenner
What's In A Name? Ever Wondered Why They Keep Changing the Latin Name of Your Favorite Fish? by Neale Monks
FAQs on:
Biological Classification,

Regional & Biotopic Accounts

--Travel Topics--

Introduction to Fishwatcher's Guides to the Tropical Marine Aquarium Fishes of the World by Bob Fenner
The Traveling Aquarist: How Snorkeling Culebra, Puerto Rico, Reminded Me to be a Responsible Hobbyist... by Leah Frances Wade
FAQs on: Fishwatching & Adventure Traveling

My Travel Adventure Check Lists & Beyond! by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
Travel Adventure Checklists,

Off the Coast: Southern California Nearshore Experience
FAQs on:
California Nearshore,

--West Atlantic--

A Fishwatcher's Guide to the Marine Fishes of the Tropical West Atlantic, Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5, Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10, by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:

Algae, Invertebrates and Vascular Plants of the Tropical West Atlantic Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Anemones of the Tropical West Atlantic, Condylactis Anemones, Part 5, Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10, Part 11, Part 12, Part 13, Part 14, Part 15, by Bob Fenner

--In the Pacific--

Petfishing in the Cook Islands (Short Version), Long Version (nine pages) by Bob Fenner
Articles on families in the Cooks: Surgeons, Doctorfishes, TangsTriggerfishesHawkfishes, Wrasses, by Bob Fenner
FAQs on
Fishes of the Cook Islands,

Visiting in the Galapagos by Bob Fenner

Polynesia by Bob Fenner & FAQs on: Polynesia,

A Fishwatcher's Guide to the Marine Aquarium Fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific by Bob Fenner FAQs on: Tropical East Pacific,

A Fishwatcher's Guide to the Marine Invertebrates of Hawai'iPart 2, Part 3Part 4, by Bob Fenner  FAQs on: Hawaiian Invertebrates,

Anemones of Hawai'i'
FAQs on
Hawaiian Anemones,

A Fishwatcher's Guide to the Marine Aquarium Fishes of Hawai'i, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5 by Bob Fenner
Scott's Trip to Maui/Hawai'i
 by Scott Harvieux 
FAQs on:
Hawaiian Fishes,

Fiji, Pet-Fishing in Fiji Part 2, by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:

Malaysia by Bob Fenner

Maldives & FAQs on: Maldives,

Indonesia Underwater (articles by Bob Fenner):

Fishes: (Sharks & Rays Eels Misc. Marine Fishes Angler/Frogfishes Squirrel and Soldierfishes & the Pineconefish, Scorpionfishes of All Sorts (Lions, Stones, Wasps...), Tube-Mouthed Fishes (Seahorses, Pipefishes, and more!), Blennioid and Gobioid Fishes of Indonesia, Wrasses Found in Indonesia Part One, Two, Three, Indonesian Basses, Fancy and Otherwise, Dottybacks in Indonesia, Longfins/Roundheads of Indo., Cardinalfishes of Indonesia, Tilefishes of Indo., Indonesian Jacks, Family Carangidae, Indonesian Snappers, Family Lutjanidae, Indonesian Fusiliers, Family Caesionidae, Indo. Grunts and Sweetlips, Family Haemulidae,
Fishes cont.: Indo Emperors, Family Lethrinidae, Sea Breams of Indo., Family Nemipteridae, Goatfishes of Indonesia, Family Mullidae, Spadefishes Found in Indonesia, Family Ephippidae, Indonesian Butterflyfishes,
 Family Chaetodontidae, Angelfishes, Family Pomacanthidae of Indo.,
Damselfishes of Indonesia (Excluding Clowns) Clownfishes Found in Indo., Surgeonfishes of Indonesia, Siganids of the Malay-Indonesian Region, Triggerfishes of Indonesia,
Algae & Plants Invertebrates: Sponges, Cnidarians (Soft Corals, Gorgonians/Sea Fans, Zoanthids, Hard Corals, Anemones,) Molluscs (Bivalves, Gastropod Snails, Nudibranchs and Other Prosobranchs



The Macro Paradise Which Is Northern Sulawesi, Indonesia: Short Version, Long Version by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:

Australia's Wonders, Above and Below Water by Bob Fenner 
Walk-In Whitsundays by Peter Catterick & Bob Fenner 

A Fishwatcher's Guide to the Aquarium Fishes of the Red Sea by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
Red Sea 1, Red Sea 2, Red Sea 3, Red Sea 4, Red Sea Aquarium Biotopes: Reef Flats, Reef Slope, Sandy Slope, by Bob Fenner Ppt presentation of The Red Sea & Reef Aquarists Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5, Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, Part 10, Part 11, Part 12, Part 13, Part 14, Part 15, by Bob Fenner

Pistol Shrimp/Shrimp Goby Biotopes
FAQs on:
Pistol Shrimp/Goby Biotopes,


Aquatic Life Use in the Aquarium Hobby by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
Aquatic Life Use in the Aquarium Hobby

Livestock from Around the World, Where Our Fish, Plants and more Come, From Part 1, Part 2, by Bob Fenner Marine Livestock Catching/Collection Overview by Bob Fenner,
Collecting Marine Organisms (With An Emphasis on Diving) by Bob Fenner,
Collecting Marines the Aloha (Hawaii) Way by Bob Fenner,  
FAQs on:
Marine Life Catching: Netting, Trapping, Collection

Change is Good! Developing a Sustainable Coral Farm by Jim Adelberg, 

Super-nets for Collecting Marines by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
Collection Nets, Catching Livestock

Learn To Dive! by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
Diving, Diving 2,

Underwater Photography: Taking Worthwhile Pictures Sub-Aqua by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
Underwater Photography, Underwater Photography 2, & Gear: Cameras, Lenses, Film/Media, Techniques, Post Production Work/Tools,

Aquarium Photography,  pts. One, Two, Three by Bob Fenner &
FAQs on:
Above-water Photography,  

Livestock Selection/Stocking


--General Marine Livestock Selection/Stocking--

Livestock Selection Articles:
Stocking Marine Systems by Bob Fenner
Marine Livestock Selection Part 1, Part 2, Part 3 by Bob Fenner
Notes On Livestocking by Sara Mavinkurve
Beginner Marine Livestock, Some of The Best Available Right Now by Bob Fenner
Top Five Marine Fish (Groups) for Beginners by Bob Fenner
Avoiding Bad Choices: Saltwater Animals That Are Commonly Offered in the Trade That Shouldn't Be, and Suggested Alternatives by Bob Fenner 
Choosing Captive Bred Marine Fishes by Bob Fenner 
Fishes to Avoid & Why by Bob Fenner

Marine Livestock Selection
Best of Livestocking 1, Best Livestocking 2, & Livestocking 1, Livestocking 2, Livestocking 3, Livestocking 4, Livestocking 5Livestocking 6Livestocking 7Livestocking 8Livestocking 9, Livestocking 10, Livestocking 11, Livestocking 12Livestocking 13Livestocking 14, Livestocking 15, Livestocking 16, Livestocking 17, Livestocking 18Livestocking 19, Livestocking 20, Livestocking 21, Livestocking 22, Livestocking 23, Livestocking 24, Livestocking 25,
Livestocking 26, Livestocking 27, Livestocking 28, Livestocking 29, Livestocking 30, Livestocking 31,

Mail-Order/Internet Sourcing of Livestock &
FAQs on:
Mail Order/Internet Sourcing of Livestock,

re-sorted by System Size/Volume & Type: FO (Fish Only) by Size, FI/OWLR (Fish, Liverock, Invertebrates) by Size, Reef (having Cnidarians) by Size, Coldwater SW Sys. Stkg. by Size,

FOWLR Stocking & FAQs on: FOWLR Livestocking,

--Reef Livestock Selection/Stocking--

Reef Livestock Selection by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
Reef Livestock Selection 1, Reef Livestock Selection 2, Reef Livestocking 3, Reef Livestocking 4, Reef Livestocking 5, Reef Livestocking 6, Reef Livestocking 7, Reef Livestocking 8, Reef Livestocking 9, Reef Livestocking 10, &

Small Marine System Stocking
FAQs on:
Small System Stocking 1, Small Marine System Livestocking 2, Small Marine System Stocking 3, Small Marine Stocking 4, Small Marine Stocking 5, Small Marine Stocking 6, Small Marine Stocking 7, Small Marine Stocking 8, Small Marine Stocking 9

--Stocking Scavengers/Clean-up Crews/Algae Eaters, etc.--    

Scavengers/Clean-up Crews for Marine Aquariums by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
Marine Scavengers 1, Marine Scavengers 2Marine Scavengers 3, Sifter Gobies Marine Algae EatersHermit Crabs
FAQs on
Scavenger: Rationale, CompatibilitySpecies/Specimen SelectionClean Up "Crews"Worms As  Scavengers, Snail Scavengers, Shrimp Scavengers, Hermit Scavengers, Crab Scavengers, Cucumber Scavengers, Sea Urchin Scavengers, Serpent Star Scavengers, Seastar Scavengers, Fish/Groups as Scavengers, Losses/Troubleshooting,

Algae-eating Blennies of the Genera Salarias& Atrosalarias by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
Algae-Eating Blennies 1, Algae-Eating Blennies 2, & Algae Eating Blenny (AEB) Identification, AEB Behavior, AEB Compatibility, AEB Selection, AEB Systems, AEB Feeding, AEB Disease, AEB Reproduction

Sand Sifters by [to be written/placed]
FAQs on:
Sand Sifters for Marine Systems, Marine Substrates, Sifter GobiesSand-Sifting Stars,
FAQs on
Scavenger: Rationale, CompatibilitySpecimen SelectionLosses/Troubleshooting, Sand-Sifting Stars
FAQs on:
Sand-Sifting Stars,



Selection By Organism Group:

Live Rock Selection &
FAQs on
: Live Rock Selection 1, LR Selection 2,

Cnidarian Selection:

FAQs on: Cnidarian ("Coral") Selection, Polyp Selection FAQs,       Mushroom Selection FAQs, Zoanthid Selection FAQs, Soft Coral Selection FAQs, Xeniid Selection FAQs, Alcyoniid Selection FAQs, Anemone Selection FAQsSebae (Heteractis crispa) Selection FAQs, BTA (Entacmaea quadricolor) Selection FAQs, Stony Coral Selection & FAQs, FAQs 2 Caryophyllid Selection FAQs, Faviid Selection FAQs, Poritid Selection FAQs,

Polychaete (Bristle- Fireworm) Selection FAQs, Tubeworm Selection FAQs,

Snail Selection FAQs, Tridacnid Selection FAQs, Crustacean Selection FAQs, Shrimp Selection FAQs, Crab Selection FAQs, Hermit Selection FAQs,

Cuke Selection FAQs, Urchin Selection FAQs, Seastar Selection FAQs, Brittlestar Selection FAQs,

Shark Selection FAQs,   FAQs 2
Moray Selection FAQs, Five Favorite Eels, The Best and Worst Eels for the Home Aquarium By Kirby Adams, Lionfish Selection FAQs, Seahorse Selection FAQs, Wrasse Selection FAQs, Velvet Wrasse Selection FAQs, Butterflyfish Selection FAQs,        Damsel Selection FAQsClownfish Selection FAQs, Angelfish Selection FAQs, FAQs 2, Dwarf Angel Selection FAQs, Emperor Angel Selection FAQs, Surgeonfish/Tang Selection FAQs, Acanthurus Selection FAQs, Naso Selection FAQs, PYTB Tang Selection FAQs, Yellow Tang Selection FAQs, Purple Tang Selection FAQsTriggerfish Selection FAQs, FAQs 2, Puffer Selection FAQs, Tetraodont Puffer Selection FAQs, Burrfish Selection FAQs,

Disease Prevention (See Also:

The Three Sets of Factors That Determine Livestock Health/Disease by Bob Fenner & FAQs

Acclimation Articles by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
Acclimation, Acclimation 2, Rationale/Use, Tools/Gear, Methods,

Acclimating Photosynthetic Invertebrates by Anthony Calfo
FAQs on:
Acclimating Photosynthetic Invertebrates,     


Quarantine by Bob Fenner
Quarantine Marine Fishes, To Quarantine or Not To Quarantine-That's a Good Question! by Bob Goemans
Quarantine of Corals and Invertebrates, by Scott Fellman
FAQs on:
Quarantining Invertebrates
FAQs on:
Best FAQs on Quarantine
, Quarantine 1, Quarantine 2, Quarantine 3, Quarantine 4, Quarantine 5Quarantine 6Quarantine 7Quarantine 8Quarantine 9Quarantine 10Quarantine 11, Quarantine 12, Quarantine 13, Quarantine 14,   Quarantine
FAQs on:
Quarantine Rationale/Use, Quarantine Methods/Protocol, Quarantine Lighting Quarantine Tanks
FAQs on:
Quarantine Tanks, Quarantine Filtration, Quarantine Maintenance/Operation, Quarantine Feeding
FAQs on:
Quarantine Feeding 

Dips/Baths by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
Dips/Baths, Dips/Baths 2Dips/Baths 3
FAQs on
Dip/Bath: Rationale/Use, Methods, Tools, Adjusting pH, Additives, Iodine/ide/ate, Lugol's Use, Methylene Blue, Formalin/Formaldehyde, Dangers Will Robinson, Products,

Methylene Blue
FAQs on:
Methylene Blue,
Formalin, Formaldehyde Use
FAQs on:

Is Cyanide the Only Issue Concerning Marine Livestock Import Losses? by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:



FAQs on: Territoriality

Cleaning Symbiosis Among Fishes by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
Cleaning Symbiosis Among Fishes

Why Fish School
FAQs on:
Fish Schooling Behavior,




Aquaculture: Controlled Reproduction and Growth of Aquatic Source Protein by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:

   Ornamental Aquaculture Business, Part 1, Part 2,
   Ornamental Marine Aquaculture Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5
by Robert Fenner (ppt. produced for MACNA 2018) 

Breeding Marine Fishes at Home by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
Breeding Marine Fishes at Home,

Hormonal Manipulation of Fishes as an Aquacultural Technique by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
Hormonal Manipulation for Aquaculture,



Alarm Substances of Fishes by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
Alarm Substances of Fishes,

Growth Inhibiting Substances of Fishes by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
Growth Inhibiting Substances of Fishes

The Function of Body Slime in Fishes by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
The Function of Body Slime in Fishes,

Chemical Communication in Fishes by Bob Fenner
FAQs on:
Chemical Communication in Fishes,

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